Neuroscientists discover the secret of how does our brain to learn new words. The brain is able to learn new words so quickly because he sees the word as if it were a single block, that’s what the research found.
Researchers have discovered that a small part of our brain is holistic or tuned on word recognition as a whole, rather than consider them as single letters or syllables. So a part of the brain could photograph the words to recognize them?
Dr. Maximilian Riesenhuber, a neuroscientist at the Medical Center of Georgetown University who led the study, said …
“We do not recognize the words from spelling or quickly identify them as part of words, as some researchers have suggested.
Rather, neurons in a small area of the brain help to photograph the whole word and its form – in a way that could be defined as a visual dictionary.”
Part of the called brain visual word form area is vital to learn new words.
Enclosed in the visual cortex is the gyrus fusiform, a sector that helps us recognize faces.
Dr. Riesenhuber says …
“One area for part of the front is selectively allowing us to quickly recognize people, and the other part is selective for a whole word, and helps us to read quickly.”
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Learning new words
In the study conducted, 25 participants were asked to learn new words that were actually nonsense in terms of simplicity as well as learn new words without meaning.
Their brains were scanned before and after training and we analyzed their change.
The results showed that after learning different words, the brain area involved photographing forms of words began to answer even the nonsense words as real words.
Dr. Laurie Glezer, among the first authors of the study, says …
“This study is the first of its kind that shows how neurons change tune with the learned words, demonstrating the plasticity of the brain.”
People with reading disabilities may find it easier to learn new words, according to the data collected, using words like figures.
In fact Dr. Riesenhuber is convinced that …
“People who cannot learn the words with phonetic system – which is the usual method of teaching reading – can learn new words as they were a visual object; This can be a good strategy for learning new words effectively and quickly.
The area that analyzes the visual form of the word is not interested in how the word sounds, because in this case the letters of the word are grouped in a single entity.
The fact that this type of learning occurs only in a small part of the brain is a good example of selective brain plasticity “.
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